Ⅱ. Vocabulary and Structure (15 points)
Directions: In each of the following groups of words. There are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
6. It was your brother __ I met at the station.
7. I recognized John __ he entered the room.
B. the minute
C. no sooner
D. at once
8. The man said he would hit me __ I told him where the money was.
C. soon after
9. A doctor, together with two nurses, __ sent to the mountain village.
B. have been
D. has been
10. I have no intention of__ relations with them.
A. breaking up
B. breaking off
C. breaking out
D. breaking down
11. Not until quite recently __ he gave up his plan to go abroad.
A. I knew
B. I had known
C. did I know
D. I did know
12. Let's have a __ discussion about this topic.
13. It's natural that she __ do so.
14. You'd like to take a walk after supper, __ you ?
15. Stop __, boys! It's time for class.
B. to talk
D. being talk
16. Tom writes as __ as her brother.
B. more clear
D. most clearly
17. I would rather you __ those important files with you.
A. not take
B. didn't take
C. won't take
D. haven't taken
18. My mother bought that coat __ a low price.
19. If he __ the job, he will get more money right away.
C. will accept
D. has accepted
20. Do you know any other foreign languages __ French?
21. A. books B. history C. records D. publications
22. A. event B. activities C. sport D. play
23. A. held B. took C. set D. planed
24. A. made B. built C. did D. started
25. A. people B. players C. teams D. athletes
26. A. fought B. against C. lasted D. competed
27. A. failures B. winners C. athletes D. players
28. A. country B. universe C. world D. area
29. A. medals B. price C. money D. title
30. A. held B. began C. took D. joined
31. A. summer B. spring C. winter D. fall
32. A. any B. other C. between D. every
33. A. professional B. amateur C. special D. ordinary
34. A. whereas B. however C. whoever D. whenever
35. A. for B. by C. with D. out of
Ⅳ. Reading Comprehension (60 points)
Directions: There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by four questions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
There are many stereotypes about the character of people in various parts of the United States. In the Northeast and Midwest, people are said to be closed and private. In the South and West, however, they are often thought of as being more open and hospitable. Ask someone from St. Louis where the nearest sandwich shop is, and he or she will politely give you directions. A New Yorker might eye you at first and after deciding it is safe to talk to you, might give you a rather unexpected explanation. A person from Georgia might be very kind about directing you and even suggest some different places to eat. A Texan just might take you to the place and treat you to lunch.
American stereotypes are abundant. New Englanders are often thought of as being friendly and helpful. Southerners are known for their hospitality and warmth. People from the western part of the United States are often considered very outgoing. These differences in character can be traced to different factors such as climate, living conditions, and historical development.
When travelling from place to place, Americans themselves are often surprised at the differing degrees of friendliness in the United States.
36. The main idea of the passage is __.
A. even Americans are surprised at the big differences among themselves
B. there are many differences in character in different parts of the USA
C. there are many reason for the differences
D. stereotypes about people are not necessarily true
37. Which of the following is true according to the passage?
A. New Yorkers are usually open with strangers.
B. People from the South are usually considered good hosts.
C. The friendliest Americans travel from place to place.
D. Different parts have different customs and habits.
38. The differences lie in the following except __ of the parts.
A. the weather
B. the history
D. the names
39. New Englanders are often thought of as being __.
A. hospital and warm
B. out going
C. friendly and helpful
D. all of the above
The world's oceans have warmed 50 percent faster over the last 40 years than previously thought due to climate change, Australian and US climate researchers reported Wednesday. Higher ocean temperatures expand the volume of water, contributing to a rise in sea levels that is covering small island nations and threatening to destroy the low-lying, densely-populated low regions around the globe.
The study, published in the British journal Nature, adds to a growing scientific chorus of warnings about the pace and consequences rising oceans. It also serves as a corrective to a massive report issued last year by the Nobel-winning UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), according to the authors.
Rising sea levels are driven by two things: the thermal expansion of sea water, and additional water from melting sources of ice. Both processes are caused by global warming. The ice sheet that sits atop Greenland, for example, contains enough water to raise world ocean levels by seven meters, which would bury sea-level cities from Dhaka to Shanghai.
Trying to figure out how much each of these factors contributes to rising sea levels is critically important to understanding climate change, and forecasting future temperature rises, scientists say. But up to now, there has been a puzzling gap between the projections of computer-based climate models, and the observations of scientists gathering data from the oceans.
The new study, led by Catia Domingues of the Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research, is the first to reunite the models with observed data. Using new techniques to assess ocean temperatures to a depth of 700 meters from 1961 to 2003, it shows that thermal warming contributed to a 0.53 millimeter-per-year rise in sea levels rather than the 0.32 mm rise reported by the IPCC.
40. What happens when the ocean's temperature rises?
A. It causes sea levels to rise.
B. It causes sea levels to decrease.
C. It causes sea levels to remain unchanged.
D. It causes sea flood all over the globe.
41. The rise in water levels is especially dangerous for small island nations and __.
A. low-lying urban areas
B. all coastal cities
C. people who live on the beach
42. Ultimately, the new study should help scientists to __.
A. lower water levels
B. change their opinions
C. better predict climate change
D. bury sea-level cities like Dhaka and Shanghai
43. What was the main finding of the study?
A. The warming of the world's oceans is not a threat.
B. That not enough is being done about global warming.
C. There is a puzzling gap between the model and observations.
D. Ocean waters have warmed faster than scientists had previously thought.
If you are like most people, your intelligence varies from season to season. You are probably a lot sharper in the spring than you are at any other time of the year. A noted scientist, Ellsworth Huntington (1876-1947), concluded from other men's work and his own among peoples in different climates that climate and temperature have a definite effect on our mental abilities.
He found that cool weather is much more favorable for creative thinking than is summer heat. This does not mean that all people are less intelligent in the summer than they are during the rest of the year. It does mean, however, that the mental abilities of large numbers of people tend to be lowest in the summer.
Spring appears to be the best period of the year for thinking. One reason may be that in the spring man's mental abilities are affected by the same factors that bring about great changes in all nature.
Fall is the next-best season, then winter. As for summer, it seems to be a good time to take a long vacation from thinking!
44. Ellsworth Huntington decided that climate and temperature have __.
A. a great effect on everyone's intelligence
B. same effect on most persons' intelligence
C. some effect on a few persons' intelligence
D. no effect on most persons' intelligence
45. It seems that the cold winter __.
A. increases the ability to think
B. is the best time for thinking
C. is better for thinking than is very warm weather
D. decreases the ability to think
46. One possible reason why spring is the best season for thinking is that __.
A. all nature, including man, is growing then
B. it lasts longer than the other seasons
C. it is not too warm and not too cold
D. both B and C
47. According to the passage, any vacations from thinking should be taken __.
A. several times throughout the year
B. during spring and fall
C. during the summer
D. as seldom as possible
Children for whom school has no point
Many children do not go to school either because their parents want them at home as carers for siblings, or simply because their parents cannot be bothered to send them. Thousands more are not registered at any school at all, because of their families' unstable lives.
Underlying this dreadful situation there are two central truths. First of all, the problem of children not going to school often has more to do with their parents than with the children themselves. Secondly, once children go to school, we need to make sure that the experience is a positive one so that they want to keep on going.
In Britain, the Ministry of Education has introduced a complex package of sticks and carrots to persuade Schools to bring truants' and excluded children back into the classroom. It is paying grants so that a thousand schools can set up special units to help these children. Schools receive the grant if they bring a target number of children back to school; if they do not meet the target, the grant is withdrawn.
Parents are the subject of this campaign, too: the Home Office has introduced fines for parents who fail to send their children to school, and has given the police power to pick up truants on the streets.
Truant=a child who does not go to school when he or she should.
48. According to the text, there are thousands of children who __.
A. run away from school
B. live in stable families
C. are not registered at any school
D. stay at home doing the housework
49. Part of the problem is __.
A. that people feel very emotional
B. that parents worry their children at school
C. that these children think education is a waste of time
D. that there are not enough police to pick up truants on the streets
50. The Ministry of Education will take away a school's grant if__.
A. they do not reach their objectives
B. they do not contact parents
C. children escape from school
D. they meet their targets
51. The Home Office __.
A. has given powers to the police to pick up parents
B. will give money to parents to send children to school
C. will go to the family and persuade parents and their children
D. will punish parents who fail to send their children to school
The year 2000 will bring big changes in communication. Cell phones will be small enough to carry in your pocket. Videophones will let you see the person you are talking to on the phone. Tiny hand size computers will know your favorite subjects. The Internet and email will be everywhere. Technologists believe 2000 will be the year of video messaging. You will be able to see whom you're talking to.
Also in the near future small wireless boxes will pick up information from satellites. In 5 years, computers won't need to be connected through wires.
All of this will be good for rural areas and countries that don't have cable or telephone now.
In 20 years you may only need to think about something and the computer will do it.
Constance Hale is the author of Sin and Syntax, "I believe that email has been an incredible boon to communication. People are writing today where they would have been telephoning yesterday. So people are engaging with words more than they have for the last couple generations."
If people use email and the Internet more, it could make people better readers and writers. Some people think the most important part of communication is to make people understand each other better. Will technology make that easier?
The translator also comes in handy in medical emergencies. Tam Dinh says, "Where people are injured it's always important to get as much information as quickly as possible."
Bob Parks is an Associate Editor of Wired Magazine, "Bob's morning begins at about 6:45 am. and Bob is kind of mad, because Bob usually gets up at around 7:15 and likes to cut it close with his morning commute, but I look at my radio and it says that there's a traffic jam on 101 South and I'm gonna need an extra 1/2 hour. And so my radio has got a net connection, wireless net connection as well as a good old power cord to the wall and it has received notice that there's a traffic jam and it has calculated an extra 1/2 hour commute time."
Some day everything may be connected to the Internet. Your refrigerator will add milk to your Internet grocery list when the date on the carton has passed. Light bulbs will be ordered before they burn out.
It's fun to try to guess the future. Usually the predictions are wrong. The one thing we know for sure is that we can't imagine how technology will change.
52. How will wireless computers and Internet services help rural areas?
A. One of the biggest barriers to Internet use is getting wires into rural areas. B. The wireless computers will be cheaper.
C. People in rural areas don't have anything else to do.
D. People in rural areas already have wireless boxes on their roofs.
53. Constance Hale says "email has been an incredible boon to communication". What
Does she mean by this?
A. People want to see the person they are talking to on the phone.
B. email is easier than talking on the phone.
C. People are using writing and reading more with email.
D. email is not private enough.
54. In which case mentioned in the passage would an automatic language translator be helpful?
A. A medical emergency.
B. Police action.
D. All of the above.
55. Why did Bob Parks radio wake him up 1/2 hour earlier than usual?
A. The electricity had gone off during the night.
B. Bob had set the alarm wrong.
C. Bob did not want to be late.
D. The Internet had informed the radio of a traffic jam.