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2018年成人高考高起点《英语》考前巩固练习及答案12

时间:2018-10-06    点击: 次    来源:网络    作者:佚名 - 小 + 大

  2018年成人高考高起点《英语》考前巩固练习及答案(12)

  I. 语音知识(10分)

  在下面每组单词中,有一个单词的划线部分与其它单词的划线部分的读音不同。找出这个词,并把它前面的大写字母填入左边的括号里。

  ( B ) 1. A. water B. want C. wash D. watch

  ( B ) 2. A. dance B. change C. basket D. father

  ( A ) 3. A. idea B. dead C. head D. ready

  ( C ) 4. A. beat B. each C. really D. weak

  ( A ) 5. A. live B. rise C. fine D. smile

  II. 词汇与语法知识(本题共20小题,每小题3分,满分60分)

  从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳答案。

  ( D ) 6. It is useful book. I borrowed it from school library.

  A. an; a B. a; an C. an; the D. a; the

  ( C ) 7. This week, the _______ seems to change every day: one day is hot; the next day is cold.

  A. time B. season C. weather D. way

  ( B ) 8. __________ good time we had during the May Day holiday!

  A. What a B. What C. How D. How a

  ( B ) 9. —___________ is the Summer Palace from here?

  — About three kilometers away. You can take the No. 35 bus.

  A. How long B. How far C. How often D. How much

  ( D ) 10. He lost his key. It made him ________ in the cold to wait for his wife’s return.

  A. to stay B. stayed C. stays D. stay

  ( A ) 11. —The girls are talking about the art festival _________.

  —Yes. They have so many fun things to share.

  A. happily B. angrily C. sadly D. easily

  ( D ) 12. —What did you do yesterday?

  —My brother took two

  friends of _______ to play chess with us. But I don’t know______ of them.

  A. his; all B. him; both C. his; either D. him; neither

  ( A ) 13. —What was Jim wearing at the party?

  — Nothing _______. He was in his usual shirt and jeans.

  A. special B. simple C. important D. interesting

  ( B ) 14. I am wondering ______________.

  A. why did he come to school late B. why he came to school late

  C. that he came to school late D. why was he late for school

  ( B ) 15. The black bag _________ be Anna’s. She has a blue one.

  A. should B. can’t C. wouldn’t D. could

( A ) 16. — Susan, why are you still here? They are all ready to start.

  — I’m sorry, but I _________ when to start.

  A. wasn’t told B. don’t tell C. didn’t tell D. haven’t told

  ( B ) 17. — I’m going to take part in the piano competition next week. — ____________

  A. Congratulations!

  B. Good luck! C. Not at all! D. With pleasure.

  ( C ) 18. Han Han is a popular writer. His new book will _________ this September.

  A. come up B. come in C. come out D. come on

  ( C ) 19.You can save money _______ you buy cheaper things.

  A. before B. unless C. if D. until

  ( D ) 20. —A homeless man won a lottery ticket. He became rich over night.

  — ___________________

  A. Better safe than sorry. B. The early bird catches the worm.

  C. Too many cooks spoil the broth. D. Every dog has its day.[来源:Z。xx。k

  ( C ) 21. ________ enjoyable the journey was! We really had a great time.

  A. What B. What a C. What an D. How

  ( B ) 22. The meat with eggs tastes ______. Would you like some more?

  A. well B. nice C. bad D. wonderfully

  ( C ) 23. The manager asked him if he ________for the extra work the next weekend.

  A. had come B. will come C. would come D. came

  ( D ) 24. There are three English-books on the shelf, but ______ of them is mine.

  A. both B. neither C. all D. none

  ( A ) 25. Tom Sawyer let his friends _______ a long fence by playing a trick one afternoon.

  A. paint B. to paint C. painting D. to painting

 III. 阅读理解(60分)

  阅读下列短文,然后根据短文的内容从每个小题的四个选项中选出最佳的一项,并把它前面的大写字母填入左边的括号里。本题共15小题,每小题4分,共60分

  A

I am Alice. I like We chat. It is fast, convenient and fashionable. And you can use it for free. It can be used in my mobile phone. It has hold-to-talk voice messaging function. I am a fan of Leehom Wang. Through We chat, Leehom Wang often says something to me. It’s amazing.

I am David. I love Micro blog. I update my Micro blog when I am free. We can share instant(即时的) messages with each other. I often look through Yao Chen’s Micro blog. She has many followers. I make many friends with them. I often write something on my Micro blog, for example, “I’m in blue today. I didn’t pass the exam.” Then many friends comfort me. I share my birthday party, my new phone, my new coa#FormatImgID_4#t, etc. with my friends. It is fun.

I’m Lily. I don’t like We chat or Micro blog. I don’t believe them. There are so many crimes(愚蠢行为) on We chat. Many people are cheated(欺骗) because they believe in other people they meet on We chat easily. It is not a real world. As to Micro blog, I don’t think it is a good way to make friends. And you should write something no more than 140 words. I like keeping diaries. I don’t want my secrets known by others. I am a low-key(低调的) girl.

  ( B ) 26. Who loves Micro blog?

  A. Alice. B. David. C. Lily. D. Leehom Wang.

  ( A ) 27. What does Alice think about We chat?

  A. It’s fast and convenient. B. It’s fashionable but slow.

  C. It’s safe and useful. D. It’s fun but expensive.

  ( A ) 28. Why doesn’t Lily believe We chat?

  A. Because many people are cheated on We chat easily.

  B. Because she doesn’t like to say anything to her friends.

  C. Because she doesn’t think it is a good way to make friends.

  D. Because she prefers keeping diaries to showing secrets to others.

  B

  We talk every day. When we have good news, we like to share it with our good friends and when something terrible happens, we make it known to others soon. But can you imagine that a tree can talk and share news too? Of course, no tree moves lips and says words just as people do. Strange as it may sound, though, some trees do manage to communicate with each other.

  Willow(柳树) trees are the best-known of these trees. When insects begin nibbling(叮咬) a willow tree, the tree sends out a special smell at once. This smell tells the other willows that harmful insects are coming near. All of them quickly make a chemical(化学物质) in their

  leaves. This chemical is bad to the insects. The insects do not like it and they fly away soon. In this way, the willow trees protect themselves from the insects.

  The next time when you take a walk in the woods, maybe the trees are “talking” to each other quietly. And when someone says that trees cannot “talk”, please tell them that even trees give messages to each other, too.

  ( C ) 29. Willow trees send messages with _________.

  A. words B. movements C. smells D. sounds

  ( B ) 30. The underlined word “lips” in the first paragraph means ________.

  A. 树干 B. 嘴唇 C. 枝条 D. 手势[来源:学&科&网]

  ( C ) 31. The passage tells us that some of the trees can ________.

  A. speak just as people do B. tell stories to others

  C. communicate with each other D. kill insects in the woods

  ( A ) 32. According to the passage, the right order of the following is ________.

  a. The willow tree gives out a smell.

  b. The willow trees make a chemical in their leaves.

  c. Insects fly away because of the chemical.

  d. Insects begin nibbling a willow tree.

  A. d-a-b-c B. d-b-a-c C. a-b-c-d D. d-c-b-a

 C

  It was

  a winter morning, just a couple of weeks before Christmas 2005. While most people were warming up their cars, Trevor, my husband, had to get up early to ride his bike four kilometers away from home to work. On arrival, he parked his bike outside the back door as he usually does. After putting in 10 hours of work, he returned to find his bike gone.

  The bike, a black Kona 18 speed, was our only transport. Trevor used it to get to work, putting in 60-hour weeks to support his young family. And the bike was also used to get groceries(食品杂货),saving us from having to walk long distances from where we live.

  I was so sad that someone would steal our bike that I wrote to the newspaper and told them our story. Shortly after that, several people in our city offered to help. One wonderful stranger even bought a bike, then called my husband to pick it up. Once again my husband had a way to get to and from his job. It really is an honor that a complete stranger(陌生人) would go out of their way for someone they have never met before.

  People say that a smile can be passed from one person to another, but acts of kindness from strangers are even more so. This experience has had a spreading effect in our lives because it made our confidence in humanity(人性)stronger as a whole. And it has also influenced us to be more mindful(在意的) of ways we can share with others. No matter how big or how small, an act of kindness shows that someone cares. And the results can be continuing forever.

  ( A ) 33. Why was the bike so important to the couple?

  A. They used it for work and daily life. B. It was borrowed from their friend.

  C. It was a nice Kona 18 speed. D. The man's job was bike racing.

  ( D ) 34. We can learn from the text that ________.

  A. the couple worked 60 hours a week. B. people were busy before Christmas

  C. the stranger brought only the bike. D. life was hard for the young family.

  ( B ) 35. How did people get to know the couple's problem?

  A. From radio broadcasts. B. From a newspaper.

  C. From TV news. D. From a stranger.

  ( D ) 36. What do the couple learn from their experience?

  A. Strangers are usually of little help. B. One should take care of their bike.

  C. News reports make people famous. D. An act of kindness can mean a lot.

  D

  Rivers are one of our most important natural resources (资源). Many of the world's great cities are located(坐落) on rivers, and almost every country has at least one river running through it that plays an important role in the lives of its people.

  Since the beginning of the history, people have used rivers for transportation(运输). The longest one in the United States is the Mississippi. The lifeline of Egypt is the Nile. To the people of India, the Gangs is great, but it is also important for transportation; Ships can travel along it for a thousand miles. Other great rivers are the Congo in Africa and the Mekong in southeast Asia. The greatest of all for navigation (航海), however, is the Amazon in Brazil. It is so wide and so deep that large ships can go about two thousand miles upon it.

  Besides transportation, rivers give food, water to drink, water for crops(庄稼), and chances for fun and entertainment for the people who live along their banks. In order to increase(增加) the supply of crops, engineers sometimes build a dam (大坝) across a river and let a lake from behind the dam. Then people can use the water not only to irrigate (灌溉) their fields but also to make electricity for their homes and industries.

  However, large cities and industries that are located upon rivers often make problems. As the cities grow in size and industries increase in number, the water in the rivers becomes polluted with chemicals(化学物质) and other materials. People are learning the importance, however, of doing more to keep their rivers clean if they want to enjoy the benefits (利益) of this natural resource.

  ( A ) 37.The greatest river for navigation is ___________.

  A. the Amazon B. the Nile C. the Mekong D. the Mississippi

  ( D ) 38. From a dam, people can use the water for ___________.

  A. keeping the rivers clean B. only making electricity

  C. washing clothes D. irrigation and making electricity

  ( C ) 39. The water in the river is polluted because of _____________.

  A. people's drinking water too much B. people's swimming in the river too much

  C. chemicals and other materials D. people's building a dam across a river

  ( B ) 40. The best title of the passage is ___________.

  A. Rivers in Cities B. The importance of Rivers

  C. Transportation D. Natural Resources

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